Lots of transgender people feel something called “gender dysphoria,” which is a discomfort of varying intensities with one’s body, physical attributes, behaviors, etc., due to a incongurence of assigned sex at birth and gender identity. Trans* people experience dysphoria in all kinds of ways. There is no one way to experience dysphoria.
A transition includes any step a person takes to affirm their gender identity. Hence, there is no one way to transition. A transition can include a haircut, hormones, surgery, a wardrobe change. But it can also not. Many people break acts of transition into two main categories:
- Social transitioning
- Medical transitioning
Social transitioning can involve things like telling people that you’d prefer different pronouns or a different name. It can involve a wardrobe change or a change in how one socializes. But it does not have to. For me, social transitioning meant asking people to refer to me with he/him/his pronouns and shopping in the men’s section for clothing again. Social transition involved little to no change in my social behaviors.
Medical transitioning fortrans people assigned female at birthcan involve none, any, or all of the following:
- Hormone Replacement Therapy: this entails taking testosterone (commonly abbreviated as “T”) in various forms (see below) which causes a person to go through male puberty — voice drops, red blood cell count increases, body hair growth increases, acne increases for the first year or so (again, just like puberty), etc.Here are the various forms of administering testosterone:
- Topical — comes in either gels or creams that you spread on your body, typically daily. The main risk is that it could get on someone else (ex. a female-identified partner) who wouldn’t want the effects of T. The results are also slower, typically, so one can ease into it.
- Injections — probably the most common form of testosterone usage. Injections can be weekly or bimonthly or even (with a more recently developed long-lasting shot called Nebido, though not in the US as the FDA has not approved it) every few months.
- Pellets — a doctor surgically inserts a few pellets of testosterone every 3-5 months that slowly dissolve in your body, releasing testosterone over time. It seems that people typically start this after having been on injections for a while. One such pellet is called Testopel. Here is a video about my experience with it.
- Top Surgery: a double mastectomy with chest masculinization.
- Double Incision — this type of mastectomy involves two incisions generally along the line of the pectorialis major muscle, as well as two free nipple grafts taken from the patient’s original areola and nipples. The surgeon removes all breast tissue and most of the excess fat from the chest. Nipple sensation post-surgery can come back in full but pleasurable sensation is physiologically impossible, although some people claim to experience it. The scars along the pec line will never disappear completely.
- Keyhole — the surgeon makes semi-circle incisions along the base of each areola and removes breast tissue and fat through liposuction. Sometimes, the areolas are resized. This procedure is for smaller chested individuals, (typically A-cup or smaller,) and it preserves the nipple nerve stem, therefore preserving pleasurable nipple sensation.
- Peri-Areolar — incisions are made surrounding the areola so the surgeon can resize the areola and nipple
- Every surgeon has a slightly different technique but these are the two main ones. There is also the T-anchor surgery which includes a vertical scar extending down an inch or so under each nipple. This preserve nipple sensation when paired with the Double Incision technique. On it’s own, as a similar surgery to Peri-Areolar, it can aid in getting rid of excess skin and fat that gathers under the nipples.
- Middle Surgery: can involve a hysterectomy and/or an oophorectomy; the removal of one’s reproductive organs – uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes. Many people undergo this because it is a sort of spiritual release of one’s original assigned sex, but it also can chemically aid in one’s medical transition because ovaries produce estrogen which competes with the prescribed testosterone. Some people experience better results from the testosterone once their reproductive organs are removed. I have not chosen to undergo this as I have not had any problems with my testosterone or uterus thus far and feel no need to rid my body of these organs – but that’s just me!
- Bottom Surgery: the reassignment of one’s genitalia, can include a vaginectomy (removal and sealing of the vaginal cavity), addition of a penis, and testicular implants. One of the leading bottom surgery surgeons is Dr. Curtis Crane in San Francisco so check out his website for more information.
- Metoidioplasty — creates a phallus from a hormone-enlarged clitoris, the urethra is lengthened so one can pee standing up, some people have testicular implants using the vaginal labia. The penis is small and will not be able to penetrate.
- Phalloplasty — the construction of a penis using a large skin graft from the patient’s forearm, thigh, or abdomen. This can be a lengthy series of surgeries that are pretty risky, as well. It is not uncommon for infections to occur and parts could die or have to be removed. It is also very expensive.
IMPORTANT: Again, everyone’s transition is different and it is up to every indivudal to decide what transition means to them. Medically transitioning isn’t something everyone chooses to do — in this world, it is also often an immense privilege, either financially or sociopolitically, or both. Those that do choose to medically transition don’t all choose to undergo every surgery. A trans* identified person who hasn’t gone through any or all of the surgeries or isn’t on hormones is not any less of the gender they identify with. Surgery and hormones are a personal choice and do not define one’s gender.