Terminology

  1. Transgender – an umbrella term that refers to a person who identifies as a gender different from the one they were assigned at birth.
  2. Cisgender – a term that refers to a person who identifies with the gender they were assigned at birth.
  3. Sex – the biological genitalia a person is born with
  4. Gender (Gender identity) – the gender that a person is born with; this is in one’s mind, and is completely separate from biological sex
  5. Gender expression – clothes, mannerisms, behaviors; essentially how a person presents their gender aesthetically and behaviorally
  6. Transman – a person who was assigned (born) female at birth but identifies as male
  7. Transwoman – a person who was assigned (born) male at birth but identifies as female
  8. Transvestite/crossdresser – a person who portrays the “opposite” gender expression, but their gender identity is not different from their biological sex
  9. Cisguy/man – a person who was assigned (born) male at birth and identifies as male.
  10. Cisgirl/woman – a person who was assigned (born) female at birth and identifies as female.
  11. (Gender) Dysphoria – a feeling of disconnection and disassociation with one’s body because it does not match the gender in one’s mind. (i.e. feeling intensely uncomfortable with your breasts because in your head tells you that you are male and therefore should not have breasts.)
  12. Transitioning – this refers to the process of changing genders which can involve dressing differently, taking hormones, and getting surgery
  13. FTM – this stands for “Female to Male” and it refers to people assigned female at birth, who transition (however they want) to male
  14. Transmasculine – a person who was assigned female at birth but identifies on the masculine side of the gender expression (this is a looser, less boxy term than transman/transmale)
  15. MTF – this stands for “Male to Female” and it refers to people assigned male at birth, who transition (however they want) to female
  16. Transfeminine – a personal who was assigned male at birth but identifies on the feminine side of the gender spectrum (again, a looser, less boxy term than “transwoman”
  17. Top surgery – the masculinization of a female-bodied chest, basically a mastectomy
  18. Bottom surgery – surgery to change the genitalia of one’s body
  19. HRT – hormone replacement therapy (either taking testosterone for FTMs or estrogen for MTFs)
  20. T or E – common abbreviations for testosterone and estrogen, respectively
  21. Gender binary – the classification of gender into two distinct, separate, opposite forms of masculine and feminine (ex. as the stereotype says: women are sensitive, wear dresses, and are emotional; men are hard, don’t wear dresses, and are stoic)

VISUAL REPRESENTATION OF THE FIRST FEW TERMS

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